Individuals & Societies

Individuals & Societies Department Philosophy

The Individuals and Socieites Department strives to enrich the learning experiences of the students at TIS by focusing on the interactions of individuals, societies and their environments through the study of subjects like History, Economics and Geography. Students learn to develop a respect for and understanding of others’ perspectives, values and attitudes.  By studying a variety of people, cultures and events, students not only develop a sense of internationalism but also a greater appreciation of their own culture. An effort is also made to integrate a study of the host culture with the themes being explored.  Apart from regular classroom experiences, the students also learn to be proactive as responsible global citizens through activities like the Model United Nations and the Globalization Forum.

For grades 6-10, the department follows the Middle Years Programme developed by the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO). The curriculum is based on a set of distinct inquiry- based themes wherein the study of subjects like History, Economics and Geography is integrated. Students are encouraged to undertake individual inquiries on the issues of relevance. Classroom experiences support them in this process by providing the necessary background knowledge and the research tools etc. Cross-curricular links with other subjects are explored with a view to enriching the students’ learning experiences and to enable them to find real-world contexts for classroom learning. Criterion-based assessment is used to provide constructive feedback and to decide final achievement levels.  At the post-16 level, the department follows the Diploma Programme (DP) developed by the IBO.  We offer IB History and Economics at both the Standard and Higher levels.

Programme of Study

 Grade 6
In grade 6, students familiarize themselves with the basic ideas of Historiography and the use of sources in History. This is followed by the study of theme-based units like Money, Development of Democracy, Ancient Civilizations and the Spread of Religions. They also learn the basics of physical geography and some aspects of sociology like the structure of society.

Grade 7
The theme of Ancient Civilizations is continued in Grade 7. Students also undertake a comparative study of various religions like Hinduism, Confucianism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. They analyze the reasons for and the effects of the Age of Imperialism. The idea of human interaction with the environment is explored through units on Droughts, Floods, Disease and Rainforests. Students also undertake a study of Africa with a special focus on apartheid.

Grade 8
Students learn the basic nature of the Social Sciences and how it’s similar to and different from that of the Natural Sciences.  The historical units pursued at this grade level are the Middle Ages and the Silk Road. They also study aspects of economics through units on Trade, Economic Growth and Development, explore the rights of the individual, and learn how to take responsible action on issues such as Global Warming.

Grade 9
A historical study of the Renaissance and the Age of Exploration is followed by a continued inquiry into the manner in which the global economy is organized through units like Globalization, Economic Systems and Economic Cycles. Current issues like Terrorism are explored along with a study of the host culture integrated with some field activities.

Grade 10
The curriculum focuses primarily on the last two centuries and students explore the development of humanity in the Age of Enlightenment and the Development of Political Systems. They also undertake a study of Revolutions and Wars in this period. The units with a contemporary focus include those on Conflict Resolution and a continued study of the host culture through field activities.

IB 1
Students study approximately 100 years of European History with a particular focus on Russia and Germany. In Year 1 the topics covered will be the slow collapse of Tsarist Russia from 1861 through to the Russian Civil War, the unification of Germany and the causes of WW I, as well as the results of the Treaty of Versailles. Our themes are causes of war and the difficulties of peace making, the rise of single party states and the Cold War. Skills taught and required are source analysis and the art of the analytical essay – in both written and oral formats. An IB History student should never be fooled by propaganda and should be an excellent predictor of potential problems as future history unfolds.

Students learn the basic tools of economic analysis and explore various microeconomic themes like Markets, Theory of the Firm, and Market Failure. They also learn the fundamentals of the functioning of the macro economy.  The emphasis is on students learning to critically analyze and evaluate economic theories and models in the light of their real–world applicability.


IB 2 is taught similarly to IB 1 but the topics are more current. In Year 2, the areas of focus are the rise and fall of the Hitlerian State in Germany, the development of the USSR and the causes of WW II. Finally, students study the causes of the Cold War.  The emphasis becomes more and more focused on the skills needed for successful completion of the IB Exam as well as the History Internal Assessment.

Students focus on specific macroeconomic problems like inflation, unemployment and distribution of income. This is followed by a unit on International Economics covering the range of issues from Globalization to trade policy. The spirit of internationalism is fostered further by looking at the problems faced by developing countries and considering possible solutions.