Sciences

Science Department Philosophy
The Science Department at Tashkent International School believes that students should be provided with learning opportunities that engage them in an inquiry-based science education. We believe that the teaching and learning of scientific concepts and processes should be unified by providing a variety of experiences that include the consideration of moral, ethical, social, economic, cultural or environmental implications of using science and technology.

MYP Aims
The aims of MYP sciences are to encourage and enable students to:

  • understand and appreciate science and its implications
  • consider science as a human endeavor with benefits and limitations
  • cultivate analytical, inquiring and flexible minds that pose questions, solve problems, construct
  • explanations and judge arguments
  • develop skills to design and perform investigations, evaluate evidence and reach conclusions
  • build an awareness of the need to effectively collaborate and communicate
  • apply language skills and knowledge in a variety of real-life contexts
  • develop sensitivity towards the living and non-living environments
  • reflect on learning experiences and make informed choices.

IBO MYP Sciences subject brief

The taught curriculum in sciences focuses on three main areas.

  • Scientific knowledge and understanding and its application
  • The scientific process, leading from scientific inquiry and design through to processing and evaluating
  • How students can reflect on the impact of scientific development

Where achievable, students should always develop each of these areas in an active and practical learning environment.

Expectations

Students are expected to act in a way that supports and actively encourages the learning of all students in the school. In part, this will be seen by the following:

  • Be respectful of all people and property;
  • Be safe and maintain a safe attitude and environment;
  • Come to class fully prepared with all materials and ready to learn;
  • Leave the classroom clean and orderly;
  • Ask for help early when you do not understand material or assignments; and
  • Get instructions on missed class work and assignments from other class members.

Assessments criteria

Students will be assessed according to MYP guidelines. In science, 4 different assessment criteria are used:

  • Criterion A: Knowing and understanding (max 8)
  • Criterion B: Investigating (max 8)
  • Criterion C: Processing and evaluation (max 8)
  • Criterion D: Reflecting on the impacts of science (max 8)

MYP Units of Study

Grade Unit
6
  1. Introduction to science: Scientific inquiry, safety and equipment
  2. Introduction to cells
  3. Energy and science fair
  4. Our place in the solar system
  5. Nutrition and digestion
7
  1. Biomes
  2. Science fair
  3. Plate tectonics, waves, light and sound
  4. Introduction to atoms
8
  1. Forces and motion
  2. Science fair
  3. Elements, compounds and mixtures
  4. DNA, genetics and reproduction
9
  1. Uncertainties, measurement and basic data recording
  2. Heating and cooling
  3. Electricity
  4. Fundamentals of chemistry
  5. Chemical reactions
10
  1. The Chemistry of life
  2. Evolution
  3. Everything is connected (biology)
  4. You cannot get something for nothing (physics and chemistry)

IB Diploma Programme Subject Aims
Biology, chemistry and physics are offered at both standard and higher levels. Students choose one or two of the three disciplines to study for both years of the Diploma Programme.

Through studying biology, chemistry or physics, students should become aware of how scientists work and communicate with each other. While the scientific method may take on a wide variety of forms, it is the emphasis on a practical approach through experimental work that characterizes these subjects.

The aims enable students, through the overarching theme of the Nature of Science, to:

  1.  appreciate scientific study and creativity within a global context through stimulating and challenging opportunities
  2.  acquire a body of knowledge, methods and techniques that characterize science and technology
  3.  apply and use a body of knowledge, methods and techniques that characterize science and technology
  4.  develop an ability to analyse, evaluate and synthesize scientific information
  5.  develop a critical awareness of the need for, and the value of, effective collaboration and communication during scientific activities
  6.  develop experimental and investigative scientific skills including the use of current technologies
  7.  develop and apply 21st century communication skills in the study of science
  8.  become critically aware, as global citizens, of the ethical implications of using science and technology
  9. develop an appreciation of the possibilities and limitations of science and technology
  10. develop an understanding of the relationships between scientific disciplines and their influence on other areas of knowledge.

Each of the International Baccalaureate Diploma courses in biology, physics and chemistry is a two year course that prepares students for IB Examinations. In addition to exams, the final marks will be determined by an internal assessment (IA), which consists of a single 10 hour individual investigation that is graded by the teacher and moderated by examiners from the IBO. All IB science courses have a strong emphasis on experimentation and the scientific method as a way of gaining knowledge and understanding.

Students study at either Higher (HL) or Standard Level (SL). The main difference has to do with the time and depth of study required. Higher grades are also required of students in HL Subjects for earning the IB Diploma, for university acceptance and for the possibility of college credit.

Practical work and internal assessment
Al three sciences require that students undertake a minimum amount of practical activitiy that supports the curriculum. For standard level students this is 40 hours and for higher level students this is 60 hours.

The internal assessment requirements are the same for biology, chemistry and physics. The internal assessment, worth 20% of the final assessment, consists of one scientific investigation. The individual investigation should cover a topic that is commensurate with the level of the course of study.

The group 4 project is an interdisciplinary activity in which all Diploma Programme science students must participate. The intention is that students from the different group 4 subjects analyse a common topic or problem. The exercise should be a collaborative experience where the emphasis is on the processes involved in, rather than the products of, such an activity.

IB Diploma Biology Course Content

Core Topics for SL and HL

  • Topic 1 Cell Biology
  • Topic 2 Molecular Biology
  • Topic 3 Genetics
  • Topic 4 Ecology
  • Topic 5 Evolution and Biodiversity
  • Topic 6 Human Physiology

Additional Topics for HL

  • Topic 7 Nucleic Acids
  • Topic 8 Metabolism, Cell Respiration & Photosynthesis
  • Topic 9 Plant Biology
  • Topic 10 Genetics and Evolution
  • Topic 11 Animal Physiology

Option Syllabus content
Students must study one of the following options listed below
A. Neurobiology and behaviour
B. Biotechnology and bioinformatics
C. Ecology and conservation
D. Human physiology

IB Diploma Chemistry Course Content

Core Topics for SL and HL

  • Topic 1 Stoichiometric relationships
  • Topic 2 Atomic structure
  • Topic 3 Periodicity
  • Topic 4 Chemical bonding and structure
  • Topic 5 Energetics/thermochemistry
  • Topic 6 Chemical kinetics
  • Topic 7 Equilibrium
  • Topic 8 Acids and bases
  • Topic 9 Redox processes
  • Topic 10 Organic chemistry
  • Topic 11 Measurement and data processing

Additional Topics for HL

  • Topic 12 Atomic structure
  • Topic 13 The periodic table—the transition metals
  • Topic 14 Chemical bonding and structure
  • Topic 15 Energetics/thermochemistry
  • Topic 16 Chemical kinetics
  • Topic 17 Equilibrium
  • Topic 18 Acids and bases
  • Topic 19. Redox processes
  • Topic 20. Organic chemistry
  • Topic 21. Measurement and analysis

Option Syllabus content
Students must study one of the following options listed below
A. Materials
B. Biochemistry
C. Energy
D. Medicinal chemistry

IB Diploma Physics Course Content

Core Topics for SL and HL

  • Topic 1 Measurements and uncertainties
  • Topic 2 Mechanics
  • Topic 3 Thermal physics
  • Topic 4 Waves
  • Topic 5 Electricity and magnetism
  • Topic 6 Circular motion and gravitation
  • Topic 7 Atomic, nuclear and particle physics
  • Topic 8 Energy production

Additional Topics for HL

  • Topic 9 Wave phenomena
  • Topic 10 Fields
  • Topic 11 Electromagnetic induction
  • Topic 12 Quantum physics and nuclear physics

Option Syllabus content
Students must study one of the following options listed below
A. Relativity
B. Engineering physics
C. Imaging
D. Astrophysics